Spelling Lists

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  Bok 5: Rule 26: Adding suffixes: words ending in yRemember: Change y to I to add suffixes except ing. (pity - pitiful, pitied, pitiful) There are of course however some exceptions which you'll need to learn. Simply learn the rule and pattern to help you with the spellings. Can you think of any others?
  Book 5: Rule 10: ie or ei patternRemember: A long "e" sound is often spelt ie, unless it comes after the letter c. Think i before e except after c. Some follow patters and rules, others do not. Simply learn them! Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns.
  Book 5: Rule 11: Revision of spelling patternsRemember: These are a collection of spelling patterns already seen. some will include ful, ed, ie, ei, our, au, ie, ate strings. Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns.
  Book 5: Rule 12: Topic Words: GeographyRemember: Sometimes it is helpful to learn spellings in themes or as a topic. These are some linked to the theme of geography. Can you think of any others which would fit into this category? Are you studying geography at the moment? What words could you add?
  Book 5: Rule 13: Words with the soft cRemember: A "s" sound is spelt c when it is followed by i, e or y. Simply learn these rules and patterns to help with the spellings. Do you know any other words similar?
  Book 5: Rule 14: Spelling Pattern ci, cu, ccRemember: The letter c sometimes combines with other letters to make different sounds. ci = "sh" appreciate, cu = "q" rescue, cc = "x" access. Think about the letters and the sounds they are making. Simply learn these rules and patterns to help with the spellings. Do you know any other words similar?
  Book 5: Rule 15: Words with the soft gRemember: A "j" sound is often spelt g before the letters e,i,y (digest, strange, giant, imagine, gym) Simply learn these rules and patterns to help with the spellings. Do you know any other words similar?
  Book 5: Rule 16: Silent LettersRemember: Some letters can have silent consonants attached to them. wrong, sign, thistle, knight, autumn. A top tip is to sound out the silent letters or use a memory trick. It can sound a little silly saying them out loud but it might help you remember the letters. Simply learn these rules and patterns to help with the spellings. Do you know any other words similar?
  Book 5: Rule 17: Words ending in ti, tuRemember: Endings beginning with ti and tu create "sh" and "ch" sounds. ti - "sh" friction, initial, fictitious. tu - "ch" picture, actual. Simply learn these rules and patterns to help with the spellings. Do you know any other words similar?
  Book 5: Rule 18: Topic Words: ScienceRemember: Sometimes it is helpful to learn spellings as themes or topic words. These are science related words. What other "science" words do you know? What is your science topic at the moment? What KEY words do you need to learn how to spell for your topic?
  Book 5: Rule 19: Prefixes. in, im, ir, ilRemember: A prefix comes at the start of the word, in front of the root word (the main word) It changes the meaning of the root word. Doubling letters occur when the prefixes are added to the words starting with m,r,l. immortal, irresistible, illegal. The letter is not doubled if it is a different letter. (eg in added to convince become inconvenience) Simply learn these rules and patterns to help with the spellings. Do you know any other words similar?
  Book 5: Rule 1: Unstressed Vowel 1. Say the syllableRemember: A syllable is a unit of pronunciation having one vowel sound, with or without surrounding consonants, forming the whole or a part of a word; for example, there are two syllables in water and three in inferno. In longer words, some syllables and vowels are difficult to hear when they are spoken normally. Say the syllables clearly and stress the hidden vowels and syllables. Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns.
  Book 5: Rule 20: More ad prefixesRemember: These prefixes (part of words that are added onto the start of root words to change the meaning)are all related to the prefix "ad". Often, but not always, adding them results in double letters. affix, appear, attain, accord, arrears. Simply learn these rules and patterns to help with the spellings. Do you know any other words similar?
  Book 5: Rule 21: Detecting prefixes and rootsRemember: Not all words with prefixes have a complete root word. Other prefixes are added to a shorter root (pro-gress - pre-fer)Simply learn the rule and pattern to help you with the spellings. Can you think of any others?
  Book 5: Rule 22: HomophonesRemember: Some words that sound the same have different meanings and spellings. These are called homophones. (rain - refers to the weather. reign - refers to royalty. rein - refers to horses riding gear) Do you know any other homophones? Which do you struggle with?
  Book 5: Rule 23: Revision 2Remember: These words and spellings we have already encountered. Sometimes it is important to recap and revisit words to make sure that we have learnt them correctly. How many of their rules and patterns could you remember? Good Luck!
  Book 5: Rule 24: Topic Words 3: MathsRemember: Sometimes it is helpful to learn words and spellings as themes or topics. These are all mathematical words. What other ones do you know? Can you group them into categories? Perhaps impress our Maths Subject Leaders Mrs Goode and Miss Johnson with them! Good Luck!
  Book 5: Rule 25: Adding suffixes: words ending eRemember: A suffix occurs at the end of a word. It often changes the meaning. Drop the e to add vowel suffixes: keep the e to add consonant suffixes. (hope - hoping, hoped, hopeless, hopeful) There are some exceptions however and you may need to learn those off by heart. Simply learn the rule and pattern to help you with the spellings. Can you think of any others?
  Book 5: Rule 27: Adding suffixes: doubling the last letterRemember: Double the last letter to add vowel suffixes such as ed, er est, en, ing and y. Do not double the last letter is the word ends in an unstressed syllable. Simply learn the rule and pattern to help you with the spellings. Can you think of any others?
  Book 5: Rule 28: Words ending in ousRemember: In many words, ous follows the normal rules for adding a vowel suffix. nerve - nervous, industry - industrious. Sometimes unexpected and irregular changes occur that you simply need to learn and know. Simply learn the rule and pattern to help you with the spellings. Can you think of any others?
  Book 5: Rule 29: Words ending in able and ibleRemember: In most words, adding able follows the normal rules for adding a vowel suffix (dispose - disposable) But words ending in soft c or soft g retain the e to keep the sound soft. (replace - replaceable)
  Book 5: Rule 2: Unstressed vowels 2. Word StructureRemember: Some vowels get lost when affixes (beginning or ending) are added. fattening, describe. Think of the root word, prefix and suffix to help you spell the words like this. Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns.
  Book 5: Rule 30: Topic Words 4: EnglishRemember: It is sometimes helpful to learn spellings and words as themes or topics. These are all English related words. Do you know any others? Why not impress our English Subject Leaders Mrs Thomas and Mrs Eade with some that you already know and have learnt. Do you know what these words mean? Good Luck
  Book 5: Rule 31: Word StructuresRemember: Many words are created by adding affixes to root words, so thinking about how a word is formed will help you to spell it. These words are connected to the prefixes: dis, re, un, ap and the suffixes: ed, ful, able, ly, al, er. Can you think of any more for yourself? Simply learn the rule and pattern to help you with the spellings. Can you think of any others?
  Book 5: Rule 32: Word FamiliesRemember: Thinking about word and families linked by meaning can give you a clue to spelling the words. Can you think of any other word families?
  Book 5: Rule 33: Word HistoriesRemember: The English Language has changed over time and throughout history. We have borrowed, adapted and shared our language with forms from around the world. Sometimes knowing the history, meaning and roots of words can help you to spell them. Do you know the meaning and origin of some of these words / forms? Have fun finding out!
  Book 5: Rule 34: Common confusionsRemember: the English language can indeed be quite confusing... take a break, relax and try your hardest. Perhaps think of your own tricks and ways of remembering the words spellings and meanings. Some words are confused because they have similar spellings. eliminated or illuminated? Do you know the difference?
  Book 5: Rule 35: Revision 3Remember: These words are all ones that we have encountered already. Do you remember their rules and patterns? Do you know how to spell them? Good Luck
  Book 5: Rule 36: Personal spellingsRemember: Accurate spellings do not come naturally. They have to be learnt, applied and revisited. It is important to remember to learn them; learn the rules; think about patterns; think about memory devices. These are a few spellings that Mrs Thomas admits to struggling over at times! What words do you find difficult?
  Book 5: Rule 3: Words ending in "er" soundRemember: An unstressed "er" sound at the end of a word might be spelt er, ar, or or re. Stressing and sounding out the ending will help you remember the correct spelling. Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns
  Book 5: Rule 4: Words ending in ary, ory, eryRemember: Some words have similar sounding endings (ary, ery, ory) Stress the vowel to distinguish between ary, ery and ory. eg Jan-u-Ary,fac-tOr-y, scen-Er-y. Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns
  Book 5: Rule 5: Words ending in the sound "shun"Remember: There are different spellings for the sound "shun". Use tion if it ends t/te and most other letters (perfect- perfection) Use cian if the root ends ic (politic - politician) Use sion if the word ends d/de or se (persuade - persuasion) Use ssion if the root word ends ss or it (admit - admission) Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and pattern.
  Book 5: Rule 6: Tricky WordsRemember: Some words can be a little tricky to learn and spell. Try taking the word apart to look for the tricky bit! Can you spot any rule or pattern? Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns.
  Book 5: Rule 7: Letter string auRemember: The letter string au represents a different sound in different words. Some follow patters and rules, others do not. Simply learn them! Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns.
  Book 5: Rule 8: Letter String 'our'Remember: In most words the letter string 'our' represents different sounds in different words. flour, fourteen, journey. Look for the 'our' in or at the end of the words to help you spell them. Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns.
  Book 5: Rule 9: Letter String 'ough'Remember: The 'ough' letter string can represent many different sounds. Look for the letter string rather than relying on the sound. Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns.