Spelling Lists

  Back 
  Book 4: Rule 10: qu and que patternRemember: In mot words the letters qu represent a "kw" sound. quite, equal. But some words end with a "k" sound that is spelt "que" mosque. Some follow patters and rules, others do not. Simply learn them! Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns.
  Book 4: Rule 11: Revision of spellingsRemember: Some of these words have ery, al, y, ure, eur, ch, gue, gu, que, sc patters. They are all ones you will have already come across. Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns.
  Book 4: Rule 12: Topic Words: MathsRemember: Sometimes it is helpful to learn spellings as themes or topics. These are all maths related ones. What other mathematical words do you know? Can you spell them?
  Book 4: Rule 13: Letter string earRemember: A letter string is a sequence of letters that you will see in many words. One letter string can represent a variety of sounds. hear, bear, learn. Perhaps say the words aloud to hear the sound they make. Simply learn these rules and patterns to help with the spellings. Do you know any other words similar?
  Book 4: Rule 14: Letter string ghRemember: The letter string gh appears after different combinations of vowels. Can you see any patterns or rules? Can you create some? Simply learn these rules and patterns to help with the spellings. Do you know any other words similar?
  Book 4: Rule 15: Prefixes al, a, ad, beRemember: Learn to recognise prefixes like al, a, ad, be. They are found at the start of lots of words. always, across, adore, beside. They change the meaning of the words. Simply learn these rules and patterns to help with the spellings. Do you know any other words similar?
  Book 4: Rule 17: Adding lyRemember: If the words ends with l, just add ly. (real - really) If the words ends with e, just add ly (love - lovely)If the words ends with le, change the le to ly (simple - simply)Simply learn the rules and patterns to help you with the spellings. Do you know any others that are similar?
  Book 4: Rule 18: Topic Words 2: ScienceRemember: Sometimes it is useful to learn spellings as themes or topics. These are all science related words. What is your science topic at the moment? Why not impress your teacher by sharing some words and spellings you know!
  Book 4: Rule 19: Adding ed and ingRemember: Use the rules to add ing and ed to verbs. Can you work out what the rule and pattern is? Simply learn the rules and patterns to help you with the spellings. Do you know any others that are similar?
  Book 4: Rule 1: Homophones 1. Remember: Homophones sound the same but have different spellings. Think about their meaning to choose the correct spelling. eg.leak or leek? Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule or patterns.
  Book 4: Rule 20: Adjective Suffixes (al, ic, able, ive)Remember: The vowel suffixes al, ic, able, ive make words into adjectives. eg. musical, graphic, breakable, explosive. Simply learn the rules and patterns to help you with the spellings. Do you know any others that are similar?
  Book 4: Rule 21: Verb Suffixes (ise, ify, ate, en)Remember: The vowel suffixes ise, ify, ate, en make words into verbs. (finalise, glorify, educate, weaken) Top tip: You may need to drop the final e or y to add these suffixes. Simply learn the rules and patterns to help you with the spellings. Do you know any others that are similar?
  Book 4: Rule 22: Forming NounsRemember: These suffixes are added to form a range of nouns Consonant suffixes: nes, ment, ship, hood, dom. Vowel suffixes: age, ity, ist. Simply learn the rules and patterns to help you with the spellings. Do you know any others that are similar?
  Book 4: Rule 24: Topic Words 3: GeographyRemember: Sometimes it is helpful to learn spellings as themes or topics. These are all geography related ones. Are you studying geography at the moment? What words do you need to know? Maybe impress your teacher by sharing with them some geographical related words that you know!
  Book 4: Rule 25: Adding ationRemember: Add "ation" to the end of verbs to form nouns. eg. Form - formation. Simply learn the rules and patterns to help you with the spellings. Do you know any others that are similar?
  Book 4: Rule 26: Words ending in "shun"Remember: Use tion if the root word ends in t or te (subtract - subtraction) Use sion if the root words endings d/de or s/se (divide - division) Use ssion if the root words ends ss (discuss - discussion) Simply learn the rules and patterns to help you with the spellings. Do you know any others that are similar?
  Book 4: Rule 27: Words ending in ous, iousRemember: An "us" sound at the end of words is spelt ous (enormous) If there is an "ee" sound before the "us" sound it is spelt ious (serious)
  Book 4: Rule 28: Words ending in able and ibleRemember: the ending able usually follows a root word (agree - agreeable) The ending ible usually follows a part-word or the letter s (terrible, sensible)
  Book 4: Rule 29: The possessive apstrophe (plurals)Remember: The possessive apostrophe ' is added onto and into words to show "belonging to" (The girl's bag = The bag belonging to the girl) If a plural ends in s, add the possessive apostrophe but NO extra s. (The boys' coat = the coat belonging to the boys) If a plural does not have an s, simply add the apostrophe and then an s (The children's coats = the coats belonging to the children) These are some examples - can you think of any more? Simply learn the rules and patterns to help you with the spellings. Do you know any others that are similar?
  Book 4: Rule 2: Homophones 2.Remember: Homophones sound the same but have different spellings. If you get two words confused, use a memory trick to link the spelling to the meaning. eg peace is ace, piece of pie
  Book 4: Rule 30: Topic Words 4: EnglishRemember: Sometimes it is useful to learn spellings as topics or themes. These are all English related ones. Can you think of any other words that could belong to the theme of "English"?
  Book 4: Rule 32: Detecting roots and affixesRemember: Many longer words are made from a root word (main part / word) and affixes (prefixes - beginning and suffixes - endings) To help with the spellings, break the words back down. unforgivable = un - for - give - able. Why not try it with these and others to help with your spellings.
  Book 4: Rule 33: Word FamiliesRemember: Thinking of words from the same family can help you spell them correctly. Simply learn the rules and patterns to help you with the spellings. Do you know any others that are similar? Can you think of other words in the same families?
  Book 4: Rule 34: Greek and Latin PrefixesRemember: Our language has changed over time and sometimes we have taken words from other places. These words have Greek or Latin origins. Sometimes understanding the meaning of a prefix can help with the spelling and word. Do you know their meanings? Can you guess them?
  Book 4: Rule 35: Revision 3Remember: These words are ones we have already encountered. Can you remember their rules and patterns? Do you know them now even after all this time? Challenge yourself!
  Book 4: Rule 36: Topic Words 5: School SubjectsRemember: It is important to know the names and spellings of the subjects that you have at school. It is important to also know other key words connected to the topic of school. How many more do you know? Can you spell them?
  Book 4: Rule 3: The ch graphemeRemember: The sound "k" is sometimes spelt "ch" (Christmas, school, echo) The sound "sh" is also sometimes spelt "ch" (Chef) ch spelling but "sh" sound in words is French origin. "k" sound is Greek origin. Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns.
  Book 4: Rule 4: Y as a vowelRemember: Vowel sounds are often split spelt y at the end of the words. lady (long e) spy (long I) Vowels are sometimes spelt y in the middle of the words. style (long I) cylinder (short i) Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns.
  Book 4: Rule 5: The apostophe test!Remember: To check is you need an apostrophe, ask yourself - "is it shortened form?" or "is it belonging to?" Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns.
  Book 4: Rule 6: Tricky Words 1Remember: Some words have specific parts which can be a little tricky. Try to learn them off by heart, creating your own rule to remember them by. Can you think of others? Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns.
  Book 4: Rule 7: Tricky Plurals 1Remember: Most words ending in f or fe drop the f and add ves to make a plural. leaf - leaves, life - lives. A few words simply just add s eg sniff - sniffs, roof - roofs. Some change the y to ies, others add es. Can you spot any patterns? Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns.
  Book 4: Rule 8: Tricky PluralsRemember: To make a plural of words ending in o, some add s and others add es. One solo = two soloes, Some words do not add an s but change in other ways. They are trickier. Some follow patters and rules, others do not. Simply learn them! Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns.
  Book 4: Rule 9: Spelling pattern gu and gue Remember: Sometimes a hard 'g' sound is spelt gu. guinea pig. At the end of some words a hard 'g' sound is spelt gue 'synagogue' Some follow patters and rules, others do not. Simply learn them! Try it: Try some of these words to consolidate the rule and patterns.
  Book 4: Rule: Revision 2Remember: These are a collection of words and rules that we have already covered. Sometimes it is important to "revise" spellings to help you learn them.
  Book4: Rule 16: Detecting PrefixesRemember: Recognising root words and prefixes will help you spell longer words. Sometimes it helps to split the word up. Simply learn the rules and patterns to help you with the spellings. Do you know any others that are similar?